Welcome to the World Bank’s Pakistan Policy Paper Series: Watch This Space!
Starting next week, the World Bank Pakistan will start publishing a series of policy papers on a wide range of subjects related to development in the country. Each paper will be accompanied by a post on this blog introducing and providing an overview of its findings. This series is an entirely new World Bank initiative for Pakistan. Its main purpose is to contribute to better understanding of the country’s economic, social and political developments and to facilitate policy dialogue. It also aims to disseminate worldwide knowledge among wider audiences.
Click here https://blogs.worldbank.org/endpovertyinsouthasia/welcome-world-bank%E2%80%99s-pakistan-policy-paper-series-watch-space to view full story.
Finally there is now a greater acknowledgement that Afghanistan is basically the next Vietnam; there doesn’t seem to allow for an exit scenario, which allows for the “West to get out” and the “Taliban to stay out.”
As I mentioned a few days after September 11 is that Afghanistan should ultimately emerge as the de facto satellite of Pakistan (the Unresolved Aftermath) to assure Pakistan of strategic depth in the absence of the full Kashmiri territory. AfPak is an eventuality one way or the other; at the very least the Pashtun areas will fall under Islamabad’s sphere of influence.
The Princely State of Kashmir and Jammu (as it was then called) was constituted between 1820 and 1858 and was “somewhat artificial in composition and it did not develop a fully coherent identity, partly as a result of its disparate origins and partly as a result of the autocratic rule which it experienced on the fringes of Empire.” It combined disparate regions, religions, and ethnicities: to the east, Ladakh was ethnically and culturally Tibetan and its inhabitants practised Buddhism; to the south, Jammu had a mixed population of Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs; in the heavily populated central Kashmir valley, the population was overwhelminglySunni Muslim, however, there was also a small but influential Hindu minority, the Kashmiri brahmins or pandits; to the northeast, sparsely populated Baltistan had a population ethnically related to Ladakh, but which practised Shi’a Islam; to the north, also sparsely populated, Gilgit Agency, was an area of diverse, mostly Shi’a groups; and, to the west, Punch was Muslim, but of different ethnicity than the Kashmir valley. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, in which Kashmir sided with the British, and the subsequent assumption of direct rule by Great Britain, the princely state of Kashmir came under the paramountcy of the British Crown.