Also how India’s population density while extraordinarily high wasn’t necessarily conducive to economic growth.
Interesting thoughts about on Sanskrit and how Indian civilisation was essentially a lowland phenomenon.
Also from a couple of pages later we see Pakistan and Iraq as the two most illogically drawn states in the Ummah?
The four great Civilisations of Eurasia. The pre-Ummah (increasingly homogeneous Greater Middle East) flanked by Greece (the West), India & China.
Tibet may orient towards China but appeals to India as a balancing Great Power.