Mice fear men (love women)

It is just like Saudi Arabia in reverse, men should not be exposed to mice unless accompanied by a woman.

Though it is just one study, we feel it makes sense. Cant really blame the mice, they are just looking for a mother’s love (dont we all). To solve this problem men should try to become good at mothering (it is not that hard, just requires commitment).


The history of
science is one chock-full of mice and men. Historically, biological and
medical research has largely depended on rodents, which provide
scientists with everything from cells and organs to behavioral data.
That’s why a new study in which researchers found that mice actually
fear men, but not women, has the potential to be so disruptive. It might
mean that a number of researchers have published mouse studies in which
their results reflect this male-induced stress effect
— and they know
nothing about it.

“People have not paid attention
to this in the entire history of scientific research of animals,” says
Jeffrey Mogil, a pain researcher at McGill University and lead author of
the study. “I think that it may have confounded, to whatever degree,
some very large subset of existing research.” Moreover, the effect
probably isn’t limited to behavioral studies, because the organs and
cells that are used in medical research, such as in cancer studies,
often originate in rodents. 

“If you’re doing a liver cell study, the
cells came from a rat that was sacrificed either by a man or a woman,”
Mogil says. As a result, “its stress levels would be in very different
states.” This, he says, could have an effect on the functioning of the
liver cell in that later experiment.

In the study, published today in Nature Methods,
researchers used the “mouse grimace scale” to measure pain responses in
rodents exposed to men, women, or their respective smells.
Pain is a
proxy for stress because stress can, to a large extent, numb pain. So
when the mice were confronted with the smell of men, they experienced
less pain, whereas the presence of women — or their smell, Mogil says —
“did nothing at all.”

This might seem like a
positive effect, but think of it this way: when athletes get hurt
during a stressful game, they often don’t feel the injury right away,
and they keep pushing. From an evolutionary standpoint, this is supposed
to keep them alive by helping them focus on something other than pain.
Yet in reality, it mostly just ends up making the injury worse.

But pain wasn’t the only
indicator of stress in this study. Further experiments showed that the
rodents also had increased body temperatures and levels of
corticosterone, a stress hormone, in response to the smell of men.
the effect wasn’t just prompted by human males, either. Rats and mice
“are afraid of the smell of males of any species,” Mogil says, because
the mice in this study reacted to the smell of male dogs, guinea pigs,
and cats as well.

The researchers think that mice
react this way because of competition, and not predation. Male mice are
territorial, Mogil says, even when it comes to females entering their
domain. They also compete with males for mating opportunities,
“so it’s
probably a little bit evolutionarily adaptive to have this effect until
you can determine that a male that’s around doesn’t actually mean you
any harm,” he says. In all likelihood, mice just haven’t developed a way
to discriminate between the smell of a male mouse and the smell of
other male mammals, so men also elicit a fear response.

Interestingly, the
stress response isn’t only dependent on the sex of an intruder, but also
on the circumstances of his or her approach. “If you put a male-worn
T-shirt and a female-worn T-shirt in the same room, the female T-shirt
counteracts the effect of a male T-shirt.”
This, Mogil says, indicates
that solitary males represent the real threat. “A lone male is up to no
good — either hunting or defending his territory.” 
Fortunately, the
male-induced stress effect becomes less pronounced over time, eventually
disappearing altogether. This, and the fact that women counteract the
effect, means there are a number of ways that researchers could prevent
it from showing up in data.

Link: http://www.theverge.com/2014/4/28/5661118/lab-mice-fear-men-not-women-big-problem-for-science

Brown Pundits