Agriculture and the Indo-Europeans – Steppe and South Asia

Proto-Indo-Europeans were farmers and not pastoralists It is interesting to note that while a couple of decades ago and perhaps more, agriculture was not considered a part of Proto-Indo-European culture, it is now no longer the case. It was mistakenly believed that the Indo-Iranians must not have practiced agriculture because apparently the Indo-Iranians did not […]

The Emergence of Chariot driven Warrior Aristocracy of the Bronze Age

𝗧𝗵𝗲𝗿𝗲 𝗶𝘀 𝗮𝗻 𝗲𝘅𝗰𝗲𝗹𝗹𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗱𝗼𝗰𝘂𝗺𝗲𝗻𝘁𝗮𝗿𝘆 𝗼𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗦𝗮𝗻𝗮𝘂𝗹𝗶/𝗦𝗶𝗻𝗮𝘂𝗹𝗶 𝗰𝗵𝗮𝗿𝗶𝗼𝘁 𝗯𝘂𝗿𝗶𝗮𝗹𝘀, 𝘀𝘁𝗿𝗲𝗮𝗺𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗼𝗻 𝗗𝗶𝘀𝗰𝗼𝘃𝗲𝗿𝘆+, 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗻𝗮𝗿𝗿𝗮𝘁𝗶𝗼𝗻 𝗼𝗳 𝗠𝗮𝗻𝗼𝗷 𝗕𝗮𝗷𝗽𝗮𝘆𝗲𝗲 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗲𝘅𝗽𝗲𝗿𝘁 𝗽𝗮𝗻𝗲𝗹 𝗰𝗼𝗺𝗽𝗿𝗶𝘀𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗼𝗳 𝗽𝗿𝗼𝗺𝗶𝗻𝗲𝗻𝘁 𝗮𝗿𝗰𝗵𝗮𝗲𝗼𝗹𝗼𝗴𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘀 𝗮𝘀 𝗣𝗮𝗱𝗺𝗮 𝗩𝗶𝗯𝗵𝘂𝘀𝗵𝗮𝗻 𝗕 𝗕 𝗟𝗮𝗹, 𝗥 𝗦 𝗕𝗶𝘀𝗵𝘁, 𝗞 𝗡 𝗗𝗶𝗸𝘀𝗵𝗶𝘁, 𝗕 𝗥 𝗠𝗮𝗻𝗶, 𝗩 𝗡 𝗣𝗿𝗮𝗯𝗵𝗮𝗸𝗮𝗿 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗦 𝗞 𝗠𝗮𝗻𝗷𝘂𝗹 𝗯𝗲𝘀𝗶𝗱𝗲𝘀 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗴𝗲𝗻𝗲𝘁𝗶𝗰𝗶𝘀𝘁 𝗡𝗶𝗿𝗮𝗷 𝗥𝗮𝗶. 𝗜𝗳 […]

Monkeys and the Indo-Europeans – Revised & Enlarged

𝐌𝐨𝐧𝐤𝐞𝐲𝐬 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐨-𝐄𝐮𝐫𝐨𝐩𝐞𝐚𝐧𝐬 – Revised & Enlarged (In view of Ugra’s very useful comment, I had to look deeper and found that the post itself needed revision. So here it is.) 𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐥𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐮𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐜 𝐚𝐫𝐠𝐮𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭 𝗚𝗮𝗺𝗸𝗿𝗲𝗹𝗶𝗱𝘇𝗲 𝗮𝗻𝗱 𝗜𝘃𝗮𝗻𝗼𝘃, 𝘁𝘄𝗼 𝗺𝗮𝗷𝗼𝗿 𝗹𝗶𝗻𝗴𝘂𝗶𝘀𝘁𝘀 𝗵𝗮𝗶𝗹𝗶𝗻𝗴 𝗳𝗿𝗼𝗺 𝘁𝗵𝗲 𝗳𝗼𝗿𝗺𝗲𝗿 𝗦𝗼𝘃𝗶𝗲𝘁 𝗨𝗻𝗶𝗼𝗻, 𝗰𝗮𝗺𝗲 𝗼𝘂𝘁 𝘄𝗶𝘁𝗵 𝗮 𝗺𝗮𝗷𝗼𝗿 𝗯𝗼𝗼𝗸 𝗶𝗻 𝘁𝗵𝗲 […]

Monkey and the Indo-Europeans

𝐌𝐨𝐧𝐤𝐞𝐲𝐬 𝐚𝐧𝐝 𝐭𝐡𝐞 𝐈𝐧𝐝𝐨-𝐄𝐮𝐫𝐨𝐩𝐞𝐚𝐧𝐬 𝐓𝐡𝐞 𝐥𝐢𝐧𝐠𝐮𝐢𝐬𝐭𝐢𝐜 𝐚𝐫𝐠𝐮𝐦𝐞𝐧𝐭 Gamkrelidze and Ivanov, two major linguists hailing from the former Soviet Union, came out with a major book in the 1980s in Russian, where they proposed the Armenian homeland theory for the origins of Indo-Europeans. They made several arguments to support their theory. Many of these arguments incidentally […]