But why was Afghanistan (& Iran) never really able to develop to the levels of India? Even if pre-colonial India’s GPD wasn’t 23% of the world (Tharoor), it was still massively richer than its neighbors to the West. My Ottoman history professor told us that majority of Ottoman..>
— Syed (@gypsy_heart6) January 9, 2019
I don’t have many answers but the Indo-Gangetic plains have certainly fared a lot better than the Mesopotamian and Nile River Valley.
It may be that certain civilisation required manmade constructs and when depredations occurred; they simply collapsed. It seems that the Indo-Gangetic was ringed with a massive dessert (the Thar desert and Deccan plateau notwithstanding) in the same manner the Nile, Iraq, North Africa or Central Asia were.
Just a few thoughts on what is surely a complex matter..