The term was first used in 1782 (German Justizmord) by August Ludwig von Schlözer in reference to the execution of Anna Göldi. In a footnote, he explains the term as “the murder of an innocent, deliberately, and with all the pomp of
holy Justice, perpetrated by people installed to prevent murder, or, if a
murder has occurred, to see to it that it is punished appropriately.”
Voltaire in 1777 used the comparable term of “judicial assassins” (assassins juridiques)
Hermann Mostar (1956) defends the extension of the term to un-premeditated miscarriage of justice where an innocent suffers the death penalty.
The verdict was expected and there remains very little hope for this man (he cant be released anyway). He is in real danger of being killed in prison while awaiting the appeals process to be completed. In an ideal world he should be allowed to escape to a safe haven in the west but the chances of that happening are slim to none.
What is most alarming (given the recent judge killing in Islamabad) is that the Taliban thugs are effectively warning the judiciary, follow our (unsaid) guidelines or else it is you who will face death.
court convicted a Pakistani Christian man and sentenced him to death
Thursday in a blasphemy case that sparked a riot last year in the
eastern city of Lahore, according to his lawyer.
the lawyer for Sawan Masih, said a judge announced the verdict during a
hearing at the jail where the trial has been held out of fears that
Masih might be attacked on his way to court. Shakir said he would
Although Pakistan has never executed anybody under the
law, crowds angered over blasphemy accusations have been known to take
the law into their own hands and kill those they suspect of violating
it. Once an accusation is made it is extremely difficult to reverse, in
part because law enforcement personnel do not want to appear to be going
easy on suspects.
Such vigilantism has created a climate of
fear, forcing frightened judges into holding court sessions inside jails
and keeping witnesses from coming to the defense of those on trial.
Many human rights activists say the blasphemy law, which allows for
punishment of life in prison or death, is misused as a way to target
people for personal gain or revenge.
The incident that led to
Thursday’s conviction began March 7 last year when a young Muslim man
accused Masih of maligning the Prophet Muhammad. Police arrested Masih,
but the next day a mob ransacked the neighborhood where he and other
Christians live, setting fire to homes and destroying household
Fearing for their safety, hundreds of Christian
families fled the area overnight ahead of the riots. Many in the
neighborhood have since moved back, and their homes have been rebuilt.
The police arrested 83 suspects following the rampage, including the
man who brought the complaint against Masih, said a Lahore police
official, Rana Taseer Riaz. But so far none of the suspects have been
convicted and all were released on bail, he said.
blasphemy law has existed since even before the country’s 1947 founding.
During the 1980s, the U.S.-backed military dictator, Gen. Mohammed
Zia-ul-Haq, amended it to add the death penalty and single out Islam as
the religion that may not be insulted, among other changes..